War of Independence

(1948—19)
   As Israel declared its independence on 14-15 May 1948, armies of the Arab states invaded Palestine and engaged in open warfare with the defense forces of the new state, with the stated goals of preventing the establishment of a Jewish state and of assuring that all of Palestine would be in Arab hands. This first Arab-Israeli war (known in Israel as the War of Independence) involved troops from Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon, with assistance from other Arab quarters, against Israel. The war was long and costly: Israel lost some 4,000 soldiers and 2,000 civilians, about 1 percent of the Jewish population, and each side had successes and failures. The war ended in 1949 when armistice agreements were signed with the neighboring Arab states. Peace did not follow, and additional wars between Israel and the Arabs were fought over the ensuing decades.
   See also Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WAR OF INDEPENDENCE — (Heb. מִלְחֶמֶת הָעַצְמָאוּת Milḥemet ha Aẓma ut, or מִלְחֶמֶת הַקּוֹמְמִיּוֹּת Milḥemet ha Komemiyyut, or מִלְחֶמֶת הַשִּׁחְרוּר Milḥemet ha Shiḥrur (the War of Liberation), war waged by the Jews of Palestine for survival, freedom, and political …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • War of Independence — n. AMERICAN REVOLUTION * * * …   Universalium

  • War of Independence — n. AMERICAN REVOLUTION …   English World dictionary

  • War of Independence — The term War of Independence is generally used to describe a war occurring over a territory that has declared independence. Once the state that previously held the territory sends in military forces to assert its sovereignty or the native… …   Wikipedia

  • War of Independence — War of In|de|pen|dence, the the British name for the American Revolutionary War …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • War of Independence — war fought between Israel and its neighboring Arab countries after Israel s declaration as an independent nation …   English contemporary dictionary

  • War of Independence. — See American Revolution. * * * …   Universalium

  • War of Independence — American Revolution …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • War of Independence. — See American Revolution …   Useful english dictionary

  • War of Independence medal — military decoration awarded to those taking part in the Israeli War of Independence …   English contemporary dictionary

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